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In order to ensure that the development of modern biotechnology fully responds to modern laws on health and environmental issues, the EU has established a legal framework providing stringent procedures for the use of GMOs. Regulation (EC) 1829/2003 provides for the authorisation of all food and feed made with GM products. The process involves an environmental risk assessment which is carried out by the European Food Safety Agency (EFSA). The European Commission decides on whether to authorise a GMO for a period of 10 years on the basis of the opinion of EFSA.

The EU has strict labelling and traceability rules for GM food and animal feed. The regulations provide consumers with the information they need to make informed choices when they buy food. Since April 2004, food and feed that contains, or consists of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), or contain ingredients produced from GMOs, must be clearly labelled as GM. GM products and ingredients can be traced through all stages of the production and distribution line and products derived from them are to be labelled.

Section Regulations


If you want to know more about this issue, you can go to the website of Europabio (The European Association for Bioindustries):

Other Information

GMO free regions - Article
Practical Guide to labelling

EC - Review of GMOs under research and development and in the pipeline in Europa

2004 © ABE - Agricultural Biotechnology in Europe

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